Some 8-10,000 years ago, as the ice sheets retreated and the weather improved following the end of the last Ice Age, and while there was still a land bridge to walk over, people returned to Britain from Continental Europe. While the land was covered in thick ice, it was inhospitable and deserted of people. But as the weather became warmer, the new arrivals could live by hunting animals and gathering edible plants. A sheltered valley like the Elham Valley, with running water, would have been one of the first places to be visited as people returned to Britain. We know some of these people spent time camped close to the springhead of the Nail Bourne in Well Field because masses of flint flakes, from the manufacture of stone tools, were found during archaeological excavations in 2012.